Peer feedback

In a regular educational setting, it is common to have students give feedback on the work of their fellow students. This can be in the form of a comment in response to a presentation or an extensive explanation of the work made, such as a paper or essay. The effects of peer feedback are also comparable to those of a teachers feedback regarding writing performance.

With remote teaching it is also possible to use this method and it requires relatively little preparation time. However, it is necessary to clarify in advance what is expected of both the feedback giving and feedback receiving parties. The different formats and tools that can be used for this will be explained here.

First considerations

  1. Relatively little preparation time;
  2. Easy to implement;

  3. Additional tools available, but not necessarily required;

  4. To support or replace teacher feedback;

  5. Ideally suited for more complex tasks (no right or wrong answers possible).


Peer feedback can be used with both small and large student numbers to allow students to provide constructive assessments about the work of others. This can be done one-on-one, but also in a small group.

  • Within the LMS
    Within Brightspace and Blackboard there are possibilities to set up peer feedback. Students can be linked to each other and can submit their work in the normal way (e.g. via Turnitin).

  • Using annotations
    The use of annotations (adding comments in a document) can be done via the LMS, but also by sharing PDF or Word files. This way feedback can be given directly in the work document of the other person.

  • Using a rubric
    The use of a rubric gives students the opportunity to assess certain aspects (such as clarity, persuasion or structure). It prevents that all attention is directed towards language and spelling, thus giving the learner the ability to focus on work at a conceptual level. Please find more info on this here, in Dutch only.

  • Pitch2Peer
    You can use Pitch2Peer to give feedback on presentations and presentation skills. With this tool, students receive a presentation from their fellow student and then provide them with feedback.

  • Via video call - small groups or individually
    Giving feedback can also be done via a video call, where conversations can take place in small groups.

Considerations and Educational Implementation

  • Emphasise the academic setting
    Giving feedback in a remote setting can be much easier than when you have the person in front of you. It is therefore important to emphasise what the expectations of this constructive feedback are and what the intentions are.
  • Clear criteria
    Draw up the criteria for assessment in advance. Make this transparent, on time and ensure that questions can still be asked. This avoids confusion.
  • Make peer feedback part of the programme
    Include the peer feedback as a (compulsory) fixed part of the programme. That way the importance of this activity is emphasised.

Relevant links and additional information 

Related Tools

Tools support by Leiden University

Peermark & Turnitin - Brightspace

Rubrics in Brightspace

Kaltura Liveroom (Max 99, recommended per breakout: 10)

Pitch2Peer - for presentations